Penerapan Storytelling sebagai Intervensi untuk Menurunkan Derajat Stres pada Anak Leukemia (Perancangan dan Uji Coba Penerapan Storytelling dengan Pendekatan Positive Psychology untuk Menurunkan Derajat Stres pada Anak Leukemia Usia 8 Tahun yang sedang M

ANGGIA PUTRI ATIADANY ACHMAD, JUKE SIREGAR, LANGGERSARI ELSARI NOVIANTI, EDI SETIAWAN TEHUTERU

Abstract


ABSTRACT
The aim of this study is to obtain intervention techniques through storytelling and its influence on the degree of stres in children with leukemia, aged 8 years (middle and late childhood). The participant in this study is 8 year old leukemia patient who experiences stres on tend to high category, based on the stres degree scale. The measurement tools of stres was designed by researcher based on Sarafino and Smiths theory of stres (2001) with the alpha coefficient of reliability is 0.893.
In this study, purposive sampling be applied to select the participants and had to go through the medical examination
by which an oncologist. Through the medical examination, two of four children have experienced stres on the tend to high category, but only one children was permitted to be participant due to physical condition. Intervention with storytelling techniques was implemented after doctor states the patient not in aplasia condition.
Intervention was given over 6-days period for 40-60 minutes each session.
Result showed a decrease of stres degree after the intervention. This conclude that storytelling technique can be used to reduce the stres degree of leukemia patient aged 8 years. This indicated that through the storytelling method, the participant were identified themselves with the same characters experiences, moreover the children are able to take the values contained in the story to be applied in his life. The story technique allowed them to express the emotions and cultivate positive emotions, so that children are able to recognize their positive strength and develop it as one of the
methods to coping the stres.

ABSTRAK
Penelitian ini bertujuan mendapatkan teknik intervensi melalui storytelling dan pengaruhnya terhadap derajat stres pada anak dengan leukemia usia 8 tahun (middle and late childhood). Partisipan penelitian adalah satu (1) orang pasien leukemia berusia 8 tahun yang diketahui mengalami stres pada kategori cenderung tinggi berdasarkan skala derajat stres. Alat ukur derajat stres disusun sendiri oleh peneliti berdasarkan teori stres Sarafino dan Smith (2011). Skala derajat stres memiliki reliabilitas 0,893 melalui pengukuran alpha Cronbach.
Penjaringan subjek dilakukan dengan teknik purposive sampling yang melibatkan pemeriksaan medis oleh dokter onkologi anak. Dari 4 pasien leukemia usia 7?11 tahun yang direkomendasikan oleh dokter, ditemukan 2 orang pasien yang memiliki derajat stres berada pada kategori cenderung tinggi. Hingga penelitian ini selesai dilaksanakan, 1 dari 2 orang pasien tersebut mengalami kondisi fisik yang sangat lemah sehingga tidak diijinkan untuk menjadi subjek penelitian. Oleh karena itu, penelitian ini hanya melibatkan 1 orang anak leukemia. Setelah dilakukan pemeriksaan fisik oleh dokter yang menangani pasien dan dinyatakan bahwa secara fisik pasien tidak mengalami kondisi aplasia maka peneliti melakukan intervensi melalui teknik storytelling. Intervensi diberikan selama 6 hari, berturut-turut dalam kurun waktu 40?60 menit per pertemuan.


Keywords


storytelling, stres degree, leukemia

References


Hull David & Johnston Derek I. Dasar-dasar Pediatri. Jakarta. Penerbit Buku Kedokteran. 2008

http://www.beritasatu.com. 62% kanker anak ditemukan pada stadium lanjut. Diakses tanggal 28 Februari 2014

Whittaker J. A & Holmes. J. Leukaemia and Related Disorder. Third edition. Oxford. Blackwell Science. 1998

http://www.pdpersi.co.id. Diakses tanggal 16 Februari 2013

Bearison, David, J & Mulhern, Raymond K. Pediatric

Psychooncology Psychological Perspectives on Children with Cancer. New York. Oxford University press. 1994

Desen, Wan. Buku Ajar Onkologi Klinis Edisi 2. Jakarta. Penerbit Fakultas Kedokteran UI. 2008

Eiser C. Children with Cancer: the Quality of Life. New Jersey. Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Inc. 2004

Lazarus, Richard, S. Stres and Emotion. New York. Springer.1999

Lazarus, Richard. S & Folkman, Susan. Stres, appraisal, and coping. New York. Springer. 1984

Santrock, John. W. Child Development; An Introduction. New York. McGraw-Hill. 2011

Sarafino, Edward. P & Smith, Timothy. W. Health Psychology; Biopsychosocial Interactions. Sevent Edition. USA. John Wiley & Son, Inc. 2011

Slivinske, Johanna & Slivinske, Lee. Storytelling and Other Activities for Children in Therapy. New Jersey. John Willey & Sons, Inc. 2011

Perrow, Susan. Healing Stories for Challenging Behavior. United Kingdom. Hawtorn Press. 2008

Christensen, Larry B. Experimental Methodology. Tenth Edition. Boston. Pearson Education, Inc. 2007 Barker Chris, Pistrang Nancy, Elliot Robert. Research Methods in Clinical Psychology. Second Edition. England. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. 2002

Ibung, Dian. Stres pada Anak (6-12 tahun). Jakarta. PT. Elex Media Komputindo. 2008

George. W. 101 Healing Stories for Kids and Teens Using Metaphors in Therapy. New Jersey. John Willey & Sons. 2005


Full Text: Untitled

DOI: 10.33371/ijoc.v9i4.397

Article Metrics

Abstract view : 748 times
Untitled - 419 times

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2016 Indonesian Journal of Cancer