Penerapan Solution-Focused Brief Therapy dalam Meningkatkan Self-Esteem pada Remaja Perempuan Penderita Leukemia

(1) Master Program of Psychology, Majoring in Clinical Psychology, Tarumanagara University
(2) Fakultas Psikologi Universitas Tarumanagara
(3) Fakultas Psikologi Universitas Tarumanagara
(4) Staf Medik Fungsional Anak RS. Kanker Dharmais
(*) Corresponding Author
DOI : 10.33371/ijoc.v11i2.500



The diagnosis of cancer have an impact on physical and psychological development of adolescent. Psychological impact is felt with the emergence of some emotional reactions, such as fear, anxiety, sadness, despair, anger, guilt, and shame. Adolescents who experience physical and psychological impact of the treatment of the cancer will experience problems in self-esteem and body image, that have an impact on the development of adolescent self until early adulthood. The establishment of self-esteem need to occur in adolescence. In adolescence, the individual will develop a positive sense of self so that adolescence is an important period for individuals to establish self-esteem, because at this time many changes occur both physically and emotionally. This study was conducted to help improve self-esteem in young woman with leukimia with solution-focused brief therapy. The participant of this study was two participants adolescent female with early-stage leukimia ALL types for two years. This therapy was conducted in three weeks by researcher herself. Researcher used questionnaries measuring selfesteem and graphics tests before and after the intervention to measure the role of therapy programs. Solution-focused brief therapy used in this study shows no role to improve the self-esteem of adolescent female patients with leukimia. This is because the PA subjects only increased by 2 points and subjects SS increased scores by 10 points



Diagnosis kanker memiliki dampak fisik dan psikologis bagi perkembangan remaja. Dampak psikologis yang dirasakan berupa timbulnya beberapa reaksi emosional, seperti takut, cemas, sedih, putus asa, marah, merasa bersalah, dan malu. Remaja yang mengalami dampak fisik dan psikologis dari pengobatan kanker yang dideritanya akan mengalami permasalahan pada self-esteem dan body image yang berdampak pada pengembangan diri remaja tersebut hingga masa dewasa awal. Pembentukan self-esteem terjadi pada masa remaja. Pada masa remaja individu akan mengembangkan sense of self yang positif sehingga masa remaja merupakan masa yang penting bagi individu untuk membentuk self-esteem, karena pada masa ini banyak terjadi perubahan-perubahan, baik secara fisik maupun emosi. Penelitian ini dilakukan untuk membantu meningkatkan self-esteem pada remaja perempuan penderita leukemia dengan solution-focused brief therapy. Penelitian ini dilakukan terhadap dua partisipan remaja perempuan penderita leukemia jenis ALL stadium awal selama dua tahun. Proses pemberian terapi dilakukan selama 3 minggu. Peneliti menggunakan alat ukur “Kuesioner Harga Diri” serta tes grafis sebelum dan sesudah intervensi untuk mengukur peranan program terapi. Solution-focused brief therapy yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa terapi tersebut tidak berperan dalam meningkatkan self-esteem remaja perempuan penderita leukemia. Hal ini dikarenakan subjek PA hanya mengalami peningkatan skor sebesar 2 poin dan subjek SS mengalami peningkatan skor sebesar 10 poin


Solution-Focused Brief Therapy; self-esteem; female adolescents; leukemia

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