A “Hub and Spoke” Model for Pancreaticoduodenectomy across the Indonesian Archipelago

Toar Jean Maurice Lalisang* -  Department of Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Indonesia, dr. Cipto Mangunkusumo General Hospital, Jakarta, Indonesia
Yarman Mazni -  Department of Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Indonesia, dr. Cipto Mangunkusumo General Hospital, Jakarta, Indonesia
Sahat Matondang -  Department of Radiology, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Indonesia, dr. Cipto Mangunkusumo General Hospital, Jakarta, Indonesia

DOI : 10.33371/ijoc.v13i2.640

Background: Pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) is associated with major morbidity and mortality especially in low volume centers. A centralized model is not suitable for Indonesia, due to its geographical characteristics and the underlying structure of its health funding. As an alternative, an outreach program was developed and delivered by a dedicated hepatopancreatobiliary (HPB) team. The aim of this study was to describe the outcomes of such approach.

Methods: A retrospective study of all patients undergoing Pancreaticoduodenectomy or total pancreatectomy by a single HPB team was performed. A “hub and spoke” model /decentralization strategy was used to deliver the care between a tertiary center and eight peripheral centers. Patient demographics, system measures, and outcomes were collected.

Results: A total of 213 patients were identified as undergoing a resection within the period of 1993–2017. A total of 47 resections (22%) were performed at a peripheral center. The median age was 51 years and 91(46%) of patients had ampullary carcinoma. The perioperative mortality was 17% but improved over time. Only 19/198 (9.5%) patients with the malignant disease received adjuvant therapy. The median (95%CI) survival for patients with pancreatic and ampullary cancer was 12 (9-15) and 24 (14-34) months respectively.

Conclusions: A hub and spoke model as a decentralization strategy for managing patients with peri-ampullary tumors can lead to an improvement in access and outcomes. However further work is required if they are to achieve outcomes achieved by international high-volume centers within centralization programs.

Keywords
decentralization, hub and spoke, pancreaticoduodenectomy
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Article Info
Submitted: 2019-04-23
Published: 2019-07-13
Section: Research Articles
Article Statistics: 18 20