The Association Between Knowledge and Preventive Behavior of Cervical Cancer Among Woman Employees in The Companies in Jakarta
Background: Cervical cancer is the second most frequent malignant tumor among women in the world and the most common type of cancer found among women in developing countries, including Indonesia. It has been predicted that the number of people who have this cancer will increase in the future due to lifestyle changes. The study aims to determine the association between the knowledge and the preventive behavior of cervical cancer among woman employees in the companies in Jakarta.
Methods: This research is a quantitative analytical study, with a cross-sectional design. The purposive sampling method was performed to choose the respondents, who are the employees of 3 companies in Jakarta. One hundred married women were selected as the research respondents, namely 32 ET employees, 37 BTI employees, and 31 AT employees. The data were collected using the questionnaires on the knowledge of cervical cancer as an independent variable and the preventive behavior of cervical cancer as a dependent variable. The data collection was conducted from March to April. The statistical trial analysis was performed with the Chi-Square test.
Results: From the results of the research, it was found that 74% of the employees have enough preventive behavior of cervical cancer. A total of 73% of employees have good cervical cancer knowledge. The Chi-square test between the knowledge and preventive behavior of cervical cancer obtains P=.043 ; OR 3.68, 95% CI 1.005–13.474. It means there is an association between the knowledge and the preventive behavior of cervical cancer among woman employees in the companies in Jakarta.
Conclusions: Good cervical cancer knowledge is significantly associated with good cervical cancer preventive behavior among woman employees in the companies in Jakarta.
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