The Association Between Knowledge and Preventive Behavior of Cervical Cancer Among Woman Employees in The Companies in Jakarta

Febri Hardiyanti, Johan Harlan, Ema Hermawati

Abstract


Background: Cervical cancer is the second most frequent malignant tumor among women in the world and the most common type of cancer found among women in developing countries, including Indonesia. It has been predicted that the number of people who have this cancer will increase in the future due to lifestyle changes. The study aims to determine the association between the knowledge and the preventive behavior of cervical cancer among woman employees in the companies in Jakarta.

 

Methods: This research is a quantitative analytical study, with a cross-sectional design. The purposive sampling method was performed to choose the respondents, who are the employees of 3 companies in Jakarta. One hundred married women were selected as the research respondents, namely 32 ET employees, 37 BTI employees, and 31 AT employees. The data were collected using the questionnaires on the knowledge of cervical cancer as an independent variable and the preventive behavior of cervical cancer as a dependent variable. The data collection was conducted from March to April. The statistical trial analysis was performed with the Chi-Square test.

 

Results: From the results of the research, it was found that 74% of the employees have enough preventive behavior of cervical cancer. A total of 73% of employees have good cervical cancer knowledge. The Chi-square test between the knowledge and preventive behavior of cervical cancer obtains P=.043 ; OR 3.68, 95% CI 1.005–13.474. It means there is an association between the knowledge and the preventive behavior of cervical cancer among woman employees in the companies in Jakarta.

 

Conclusions: Good cervical cancer knowledge is significantly associated with good cervical cancer preventive behavior among woman employees in the companies in Jakarta.


Keywords


Cervical cancer, knowledge, preventive behavior

References


Bray F, Ferlay J, Soerjomataram I, Siegel RL, Torre LA, Jemal A. Global cancer statistics 2018: GLOBOCAN estimates of incidence and mortality worldwide for 36 cancers in 185 countries. CA Cancer J Clin. 2018;68(6):394–424.

World Health Organization. Global Health Observatory. Geneva: World Health Organization; 2018. Cited July 21, 2019. Available from who.int/gho/database/ en/.

International Agency for Research on Cancer, GLOBOCAN database [Internet]. 2018. [cited 10 July 2019]. Available from http://globocan.iarc.fr/ factsheet.asp

Aggarwal P. Cervical cancer: Can it be prevented?. World J Clin Oncol. 2014;5(4):775–80.

Mc Graw SL, Ferrante JM. Update on prevention and screening of cervical cancer. World J Clin Oncol. 2014;5(4):744–52.

International Labour Organization. Indonesia Jobs Outlook 2017: Harnessing Technology for Growth and Job Creation. Jakarta. 2017.

Badan Pusat Statistik. Employment condition of DKI Jakarta August 2018. Jakarta; 2018;(53): 1-9.

WHO. Global Cancer: Occurrence, Causes, and Avenues to Prevention. 2016 [cited 2019 Sep 10]. Available from: http://www.iarc-conference2016.com

Di J, Rutherford S, Wu J, Song B, Ma L, Chen J, et al. Knowledge of cervical cancer screening among women across different socio-economic regions of China. PLoS One. 2015;10(12):e0144819.

Gamaoun R. Awareness and knowledge about cervical cancer prevention methods among Tunisian women. Journal Prevention Medical Hygiene. 2018;59(1):E30–5.

Thovarayi S, Noronha JA, Nayak S. Knowledge of cervical cancer screening among rural Indian women : A cross sectional study. Journal of Nursing and Health Science. 2014;3(3):51–5.

Lemeshow, Stanley, Hosmer, David W, Klar, Janelle, Lwanga, Stephen Kaggwa & World Health Organization. Adequacy of Sample Size in Health Studies. Chichester: Wiley: 1990.

NSW Government. Human Papillomavirus Vaccine [Internet]. 2012. [cited 23 Juli 2019]. Available from https://www.cancer.nsw.gov.au

Tobacco Atlas. Fact Sheet Tobacco in Indonesia [Internet]. 2015. [cited 23 Juli 2019]. Available from https://tobaccoatlas.org

Indonesian Society of Oncology. Management guidelines for cancer. Faculty of Medicine Universitas Indonesia. Jakarta. 2010.

Tira D. A risk of total marriage, abortus history, and the use of hormonal contraceptives against the incidence of cervical cancer at the Makassar Pelamonia Hospital in 2006-2007. MKM. 2008; 3(1):20–28.

Arimurti I, Nurmala I. Analysis of women’s knowledge of conduct of early childhood marriage in Wonosari subdistrict Bondowoso district. The Indonesian Journal of Public Health. 2017;12(2):249–62.

Sogukpinar N. Assessment of cervical cancer risk in women between 15 and 49 years of age: Case of Izmir. Asian Pacific Cancer Prevention Journal. 2013;14:2119–25.

Moore D. Cervical cancer. Obstetry Gynecology. 2006;107(5):1152–61.


Full Text: PDF

DOI: 10.33371/ijoc.v14i1.666

Article Metrics

Abstract view : 113 times
PDF - 88 times

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2020 Indonesian Journal of Cancer

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.